Closed petition Impose sanctions on China over its treatment of Uyghur Muslims
The UK Government plans to introduce “Magnitsky law”, a law which targets people who commit gross human rights violations. Through this law or alternative means, this petition urges the UK Government to impose sanctions on China for their human rights violations on the Uyghur people.
Since 2017, there have been many reports of the “cultural genocide” of Uyghur Muslims, a minority Turkic ethnic group native to Xinjiang, China. They are subject to mass detention, mass surveillance, restriction of religious and cultural identities, as well as other gross human rights abuses. Over a million Uyghurs have been forced into "re-education" camps.
In front of the United Nations in October 2019, pressure was placed on China regarding the treatment of Uyghurs during a joint statement from 23 countries. Despite this statement and growing public awareness, nothing substantial or concrete has been done to resolve the crisis and help the Uyghur people.
This petition is closed All petitions run for 6 months
Parliament debated this topic
This topic was debated on 12 October 2020
This response was given on 28 July 2020
We have grave concerns about the gross human rights abuses being perpetrated in Xinjiang. But it is not appropriate to speculate about future sanctions designations, as this may reduce their impact.
Read the response in full
On 6 July, the Government established the Global Human Rights (‘Magnitsky’) sanctions regime by laying regulations in Parliament under the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018. In a statement to Parliament, the Foreign Secretary set out in full the scope of the UK’s new Global Human Rights sanctions regime. He announced the first tranche of designations, as well as the Government’s approach to future designations.
This sanctions regime will give the UK a powerful new tool to hold to account those involved in serious human rights violations or abuses. The sanctions regime is not intended to target individual countries. It will allow for sanctions to be imposed on individuals and entities involved in serious human rights violations or abuses around the world.
We will continue to consider potential designations under the Global Human Rights sanctions regime, but it is not appropriate to speculate about who we may be considering, as to do so may reduce the impact of those future designations.
As the Foreign Secretary said in the House of Commons on 20 July, we have been clear about our grave concerns regarding the gross human rights abuses being perpetrated against the Uyghur Muslims in Xinjiang. This includes the extra-judicial detention of over a million Uyghur Muslims and other minorities in “political re-education camps”, systematic restrictions on Uyghur culture and the practice of Islam, and extensive and invasive surveillance targeting minorities.
Reports indicating that forced labour is being used and children are being forcibly separated from their parents add to the growing body of evidence about the disturbing situation that Uyghurs and other minorities are facing in Xinjiang.
Since 2018, the UK has played a leading role in drawing attention to the deeply concerning situation in Xinjiang, working with international partners in relevant UN bodies such as the UN Human Rights Council. As the petition notes, in October 2019, the UK’s Permanent Representative led a statement raising concerns about the situation on behalf of 23 countries at the UN Third Committee.
On 30 June at the most recent UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, the UK led a formal Joint Statement with the support of 27 international partners, setting out our deep concern both on Hong Kong, and the situation in Xinjiang. This statement, delivered through UK leadership, underlines the strength and breadth of international concern.
On 10 March at the 43rd session of the UN Human Rights Council, the UK raised concerns about systematic human rights violations and reports of forced labour in Xinjiang during our national statement. On 25 February at the same session, Lord Ahmad, Minister for South Asia and the Commonwealth, raised concerns about Xinjiang during the UK's opening address, calling on China to allow the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights unfettered access to the region.
We also frequently raise our concerns directly with the Chinese authorities. On 9 March, the Foreign Secretary raised the human rights situation in Xinjiang with his Chinese counterpart, Foreign Minister and State Councillor Wang Yi. On 5 March, the Minister for Asia raised similar concerns with the Chinese Ambassador to the UK.
The Government will continue to urge the Chinese authorities to change their approach in Xinjiang and respect international human rights norms, both bilaterally with China, and at the UN alongside our international partners.
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Other parliamentary business
MPs question the Government on forced labour in Xinjiang
On Tuesday 12 January 2021, MPs questioned the Government on the use of Uyghur Muslims as forced labour in Xinjiang, China. These questions followed a ministerial statement from Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab MP.
Watch the statement and questions: https://parliamentlive.tv/event/index/b50276c3-6616-42e9-9e30-85611eb21119?in=12:40:16&out=13:50:21
Read the transcript: https://hansard.parliament.uk/commons/2021-01-12/debates/C7E8DDAA-46C2-4A47-B2D6-BBBEE0A99B76/XinjiangForcedLabour
What are Ministerial Statements?
Ministerial statements are a way for Ministers to bring an important matter to the attention of the House, often at short notice.
Government Ministers may make oral statements to Parliament which usually address major incidents, government policies or actions. After making a statement the Minister responds to questions on its topic from MPs.
MPs question the Government on Uyghur slave labour in Xinjiang
On Wednesday 16 December, MPs questioned the Government Minister for Asia, Nigel Adams MP, on evidence of the use of Uyghur slave labour in Xinjiang, China.
This was prompted by an Urgent Question from Sir Ian Duncan Smith MP.
Watch the session: https://parliamentlive.tv/event/index/2579fa12-aef6-43ea-af82-2532aed86c7f?in=13:41:44&out=14:41:24
Read the transcript: https://hansard.parliament.uk/commons/2020-12-16/debates/5A8183C8-0467-4D58-8FAF-55AA109F40CD/UyghurSlaveLabourXinjiang
What is an Urgent Question?
If an urgent or important matter arises which an MP believes requires an immediate answer from a government minister, they may apply to ask an urgent question. The relevant Government Minister has to come to the Chamber to explain what the Government is doing on the issue raised. The Minister will then usually take questions on the subject from MPs.
Petitions Committee schedules debate on China's policy towards its Uighur population
The Petitions Committee has scheduled a debate on this petition for Monday 12 October.
Committee member Chris Evans MP will lead the debate, and a Minister from the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office will respond on behalf of the Government.
The debate will start at 6pm and will last up to 90 minutes. It will take place in Westminster Hall – the House of Commons second Chamber.
##What are petitions debates?
Petitions debates are ‘general’ debates which allow MPs from all parties to discuss the important issues raised by one or more petitions, and put their concerns to Government Ministers.
Follow the Committee on Twitter for real-time updates on its work: https://www.twitter.com/hocpetitions.
Join in the discussion using hashtag #ChinaUighurDebate
MPs debate the detention of Uyghur Muslims in Xinjiang
MPs debated the detention of Uyghur Muslims in Xinjiang on 9 September.
###When will this petition be debated?
Petition debates were cancelled in March because of Covid-19 and social distancing measures. The Petitions Committee (the group of MPs that looks at e-petitions submitted on petition.parliament.uk) are waiting to be able to schedule this petition for a debate as soon as these debates are resumed in the Autumn. We will let you know as soon as this petition is scheduled for a debate in Parliament.
Find out more about the Petitions Committee: https://committees.parliament.uk/committee/326/petitions-committee/
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